Planet Saturn

Planet Saturn



(From Solar Views)

The planet Saturn is the sixth planet from our sun and it is the second largest in our solar system. It has a diameter of 119,300 kilometers or 74130 miles. Much of the stuff we know about the planet Saturn we have learned is from Voyager’s exploration in 1980-1981. A day on the planet Saturn is 10 hours and 39 minutes long and it takes about 25.5 Earth years to travel around the sun. Saturn’s atmosphere is primarily made up of hydrogen but there are some small traces of helium and methane. It is the only planet that is less dense then water, which is less than 30%. So if Saturn there was a large enough ocean that Saturn could fit into the planet would float. Also its rings make the planet one of the most beautiful object in our universe and it has 18 known moons.

On the planet there the wind blows at very high speeds and it’s velocity at the equator is 500 meters per second or 1100 miles per hour. The win mostly blows in the easternly direction, and the strongest winds are found near the equator. And at latitudes greater than 35 degrees the winds will alternate from east to west.

 

Saturn Statistics


Mass (kg): 5.688e+26
Mass (Earth = 1): 9.5181e+01
Equatorial radius (km): 60,268
Equatorial radius (Earth = 1): 9.4494e+00
Mean density (gm/cm^3): 0.69

Mean distance from the Sun (km): 1,429,400,000
Mean distance from the Sun (Earth = 1): 9.5388
Rotational period (hours): 10.233
Orbital period (years): 29.458
Mean orbital velocity (km/sec): 9.67

Orbital eccentricity: 0.0560
Tilt of axis (degrees): 25.33
Orbital inclination (degrees): 2.488

Equatorial surface gravity (m/sec^2): 9.05
Equatorial escape velocity (km/sec): 35.49

Visual geometric albedo: 0.47
Magnitude (Vo): 0.67
Mean cloud temperature: -125�C
Atmospheric pressure (bars): 1.4

Atmospheric composition
Hydrogen: 97%
Helium: 3%